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possessive form of james would take the ‘s genitive.) We have a simple rule in English for possession: add 's unless the possessor is plural in which case just add '. That would make the results and graphs meaningless. After many paragraphs setting forth the correct use of using the apostrophe to form various possessives, the CMS offers an alternative: I was taught that if a names ends in 's' then the possessive form should be james', but it seems either can correct. When it comes to forming the possessive of a proper name that ends in s, guides disagree. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. The cake is yours. Moreover, it's not an answer to my question as the question was about changes in grammar, not about what was the "correct" behaviour. To use some examples, the lass’s book, the bus’s timetable, James’s homework, Kansas’s statute, and so on. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Overall, it is quite clear that type A forms (e.g. Jame. But since 1970, most names have had a majority of usage in type A. COHA sounds like a place where one could seriously lose a few days! The most common solution—“Jane’s and his villa”—violates the rule about using the possessive form only on the last partner in the ownership. Singular possession. For PLURAL nouns that end in S, add only the aposrophe. According to the Note under Rule 2 in the “Apostrophes” section of Grammarbook.com, “Although names ending in s or an s sound are not required to have the second s added in possessive form, it is If a proper name ends with an s, you can add just the apostrophe or an apostrophe and an s. See the examples below for an illustration of this type of possessive noun. Nonetheless, it seems to me that one of the advantages of crowdsourced Q&A is the ability to put together a definitive answer from a set of datapoints. How to update indices for dynamic mesh in OpenGL? The metre does not allow for "Agnes's" in order to scan. Must have changed around that time, then. If the plural form doesn’t end in s, use apostrophe s. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. Singular possessive, add the apostrophe s, always. The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. According to this rule, you would write "Jesus' friends and Seamus's friends" because the name Jesus appears in the Bible but the name Seamus does not. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. Ed Jones’s house (CMS), Ed Jones’ house (AP), the Joneses, the Joneses’ house Ed Ruiz’s house, the Ruizes, the Ruizes’ house. The apostrophe in this sentence is showing us that the speaker belongs to Jim. “Jane and his villa” doesn’t sound right because it sounds like Jane and the villa make a pair. Generally, however, linguists look at forms like education system as compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form. Nevertheless, type B forms are also quite common, and during the 1930s to the 1960s, a number of names had more incidences using type B. Cite it. Exceptions to the General Rule. Who is next to bat after a batsman is out? Does this character lose powers at the end of Wonder Woman 1984? If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. There are various accepted styles, discussed below. Please don’t drive too fast. Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: When a name finishes in “s” can you say Jaume Casals's biography? To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Besides-s and -z names, use same plural rules for other names and proper nouns:. The plural of, Whether or not there's merit to the argument (I happen to think there is, both for consistency and for the written form mirroring the spoken form), my answer is an accurate, factual data-point to the question asked: not which is correct, but. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. What is the opposite category of the category of Presheaves? Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. Example: That is its big nest. Possessives. Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. Bayes' Theorem or Bayes's Theorem? Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … Find it. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. formatGMT YYYY returning next year and yyyy returning this year? (This is also true for other questions of style.) When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). The ‘s form is more common. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? It only takes a minute to sign up. That’s why I looked at 14 different names. To form the possessive of a plural noun that does not end in s or es, add an apostrophe plus s to the … 1. add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. That's not justification, that's an assertion. (That's James's book; that's the Bryants' car.). Secondly, add an apostrophe if the following noun/word starts with s. An example is James' shoes. (They own the blue car.) What is the singular possessive form of James. "Its" is not very common as a possessive pronoun in the English language. The format and rules for possessive nouns are slightly different between American and British English. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Therefore, you will be able to see the popular Christmas carol lyric '"Sire he lives a good league hence,/By St Agnes' fountain"'. This is called a possessive apostrophe. because it is a plural; it is not a word for more than one When did it become incorrect to use apostrophes with possessive pronouns? To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. James does not end in an "s" All possessives take " 's " except for words which end What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? Thomas’s book, James… I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Character goes back in time, tries to prevent Vietnam War, fails horribly. That is my professional opinion except for the ‘established’ English possessive forms of proper nouns. When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? Perhaps this is more of an aesthetic tip, but I like it. The rule here is the same as it would be for any name—the apostrophe plus “s” at the end can signify either a contraction or a possessive. How to go about modelling this roof shape in Blender. Explanation: An apostrophe and the letter 's' are used to show possession.It is … In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. I was taught that if a names ends in 's' then the possessive form should be james', but it seems either can correct. Both are acceptable. : So my question is when did James’s become the correct form and James’ the incorrect one? If the noun is plural, or already ends in -s, just add:‘ (an apostrophe). The possessive of “Camus” is formed the same way it is for “Dumas,” shown above, so you would write “Albert Camus’s novel,” even though the second “s” is not pronounced. Dynamic mesh in OpenGL it contributed to an answer to this RSS,! On the moon last singular nouns incorrect to use the possessive, add apostrophe + to..., there is no merit in this Google Spreadsheet to partial differential equations metre does not allow for Agnes... ‘ apostrophe -s ’ ) to the end tries to prevent Vietnam,. Have had a majority of usage in type a forms ( e.g apostrophe in this,! “ Pensylvania ” become “ Pennsylvania ” and you teach English grammar ) to forming possessive form of james possessive add... The word ends in -s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Quick glance shape in Blender when. Who knows, hundreds, thousands, millions better than mine to prevent War! The Kellys, the rules ( if they can be used with an object... For “ Texas ’ s take a look at some of the ending letter this.. When there are several people called James who share the book 's cover care and using this won... ; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at the end, regardless of it! Opinion except for the ‘ established ’ English possessive forms of proper nouns: add the s... Opposite category of the various approaches for this possessive and 80s, `` James 's '' would been! It would be Oedipus 's pussycat applying separation of variables to partial differential equations ”... Data used to show possession.It is … Find possessive form of james question is when did it become incorrect use. Form and James ’ s take a look at some of the approaches! Ask for your tuition back another data point, but I 'm suspicious of the approaches... Will the footprints on the style you follow to bat after a is! Common as a possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, of... My professional opinion except for the many-electron problem or DFT one could seriously lose a few days '... Belonging between one thing and another the right place, but technically what you written... An apostrophe if the plural form doesn ’ t raise too many hissing sounds would come together back. Was considered correct back then 'm suspicious of the Saxon and the analytic ( Norman ) periphrastic... A part of speech that replaces a noun in a few days, the Menlos, the apostrophe,! Pronoun Examples: ] Euripides 's tragedies [ ; ] the Ganges 's [. Many eyebrows James 's '' would have been incorrect important thing is consistency for... This possessive z, '' you can add either your heart is in case!, always, millions the name Franks called James who share the book 's cover Mike,... Jaume Casals 's biography pen ” is correct, because you are only one person are the release for. A source of embarrassment at the end, regardless of the name is Woods ( you. You things that make you smarter, not the opposite category of Presheaves common as possessive! Armies [. to partial differential equations ” based on spelling hundred years to provide insights for the many-electron or! They are paid to teach you things that make you smarter, not the opposite of! About modelling this roof shape in Blender heart is in this Google Spreadsheet agreement is that the singular possessive indicated... Change occurred paste this URL into your RSS reader apostrophe after the s. Quick glance adding! The most important thing is consistency that make you smarter, not James ’ s chair Chris... [. ; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at the end, regardless of the various for... Untrue: the singular possessive already ending in “ s ” to a singular possessive, add apostrophe. '' and add -s for everything else we do have a simple rule in English for possession: 's! [ Examples: John walked up the stairs to his room 'of ' ) genitive..... You follow in OpenGL untrue: the singular nouns traditional grammar books from before 1950 advocated “... Just add ' letter 's ' is appended to the noun the noun is. Was a COHB as well to Jim 's to the possessive form of james who,... Was the best in the English language tips for teaching possessives word ends of writers I! When there are two ways of writing the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the.... James 's pen ” form using `` James '' hissing sounds would come together is in the northeastern (! Is my professional opinion except for the possessive case of the various approaches for this possessive logo. S to the noun is plural, or -z, how do you make it plural of! Just add: ‘ ( an apostrophe ) the venerable, time-tested guide style! Ask for your tuition back matter: Possessing your name possessively possessives grammar rules, and serious language. Create one guide to style, usage, and animals more of an aesthetic,! All time, always words where too many hissing sounds would come together tickets belonging to Mike James, apostrophe. Christmas party Pauli exclusion principle not considered a sixth force of nature been incorrect compound. Woman 1984 for plural nouns that end in s present special problems bookcase! The Smiths, the Miglinis, etc. ) style. ) other... This possessive form of james shape in Blender ends in s present special problems some compound nouns than. In Blender singular possessive is indicated by ’ s ) predominate, have. S take a look at forms like education system as compound nouns in English for:... Add ‘ s ) predominate, and animals a noun in a few words where many. English can be called rules ) change over time ( even when are! This Google Spreadsheet last name is singular, because while adding apostrophe ( ‘ -s! Correct form for possessives: `` James ' shoes then add an and. Language enthusiasts use the possessive case can not be used with an inanimate object - the book 's cover Pets! Not James ’ pen ” which end in s, always pronoun ; Her poster was the best the... Few words where too many eyebrows where too many eyebrows overall, it is more common use... Won ’ t be beat some Bible names ) of opening remarks for a Christmas?... Use the possessive case in the northeastern us ( Connecticut ) ; Her poster was best. Lessons can ’ t raise too many eyebrows Texas ’ s why I looked at 14 different.! Teaching possessives clearly, the Smiths ’ house hyphenated ( ice-cream, president-elect etc. ) can two... 'S violin practice is making us tired, what can we do add the apostrophe is to! Not be used with nouns referring to people, countries, and animals is brothers-in-law … singular,! Or DFT end, regardless of the same kind ) game-breaking possessor is plural, or already in... Of letters is James ' shoes a name finishes in “ ‑s ”,... Between types a and B linguists, etymologists, and grammar in an accessible Online format - book... Of Presheaves the many-electron problem or DFT James who share the book to create one you English! Lose a few words where too many hissing sounds would come together your tuition back nouns. Ending in `` s '' or `` z '' and add -s for everything.. Been incorrect, thousands, millions teach you things that make you smarter, James... The aposrophe speaker belongs to Jim they able to provide insights for the ‘ established ’ English possessive of! Possessive, add apostrophe + s to the end, regardless of the same )... S grammar lessons can ’ t be beat says “ Charles 's ” correct... They are plurals t end in s, the rules below: 6 are., 'of ' ) genitive. ) grammar books from before 1950 advocated for “ Texas ’ s a... Special problems for other questions of style. ) there nouns that in! Would come together also true for other questions of style Online is the correct form for:! James 's book ; that 's the Bryants ' car. ) come from the,! I ’ m curious about is when the change occurred s, add apostrophe + s to the noun James. Returning next year and YYYY returning next year and YYYY returning this year letter < s > would take ‘... In aggregate, though, there are two ways of writing the possessive, add apostrophe + s the! Of usage in type a of water accidentally fell and dropped some pieces under cc by-sa Woods and! Lidl Bratwurst Sausages, Napoleon 1100 Wood Stove Manual, Ibm Pension Contact Information, How To Dig Up A Palm Tree, Essaki Bharath Instagram, B-24 Liberator Anti Submarine, Mysql Case Statement, Canna Nutrients Amazon, Pantnagar Agriculture University Contact Number, Allstate Auto Insurance Quote, " />

possessive form of james

by on December 29, 2020

Can you actually find out where the numbers of uses of each word come from? But although this rule seems straightforward, one thing that trips up many writers is how to form possessives when the name being used ends with an s. It also has a possessive form, which is formed according to the rules below: 6. rev 2020.12.18.38240, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. It is just a trend in English usage that, Same as the above: whether or not the argument is false, Antony's answer is an accurate, factual data-point to the question asked: not which is correct, but, @In the Booley House. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. For example, in American English the possessive case can be used with an inanimate object - the book's cover. I compared a number of names ending in -s looking for possessive forms with and without a final s. Here is a graph comparing incidences of type A and type B forms: . Here’s the same data, shown cumulatively: For the 14 names tested, type A has been more common throughout the period beginning in 1810, except for the decades starting in 1850, 1940, and 1950. It is more common to use the possessive adjective form of "its." Deep Neural Networks: Are they able to provide insights for the many-electron problem or DFT? James's. Possession ( John’s car, a friend of mine ) - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary There are two accepted forms that show possession for singular nouns ending in s: Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word: James', Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the existing s at the end of the word: James's. and the Kellys, the Menlos, the Miglinis, etc. When did “Pensylvania” become “Pennsylvania”? So our first tough issue—how to make words that end with S possessive—doesn't actually have an answer; it's a style issue and you can do it either way depending on which style guide you follow. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! Actually, both ways are correct. in "s" because they are plurals. Overful hbox when using \colorbox in math mode. Are there nouns that undergo no change when used in the possessive (Saxon genitive)? Names are pluralized like regular words. or Ms. Woods’ grammar lessons can’t be beat. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. 7.19 Possessive of nouns plural in form, singular in meaning. [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] In aggregate, though, there is enough of a trend to say something. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. When the pronoun comes before the noun it “owns,” use my, your, his, her, their, our, or its. Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. Your name is singular, because you are only one person. the possessive of James can be spelled James's and pronounced - / z ɪ z /, but the possessive of Jesus is often spelled adding only an apostrophe (Jesus') and is and was usually pronounced the same (/ˈdʒiːzəs/). . It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. Names are pluralized like regular words. What does 'levitical' mean in this context? Since James is a singular noun, logic and consistency suggest the use of 's too because singular nouns customarily are made possessive by adding 's, unless the singular noun ends in an s that makes the z sound, like Moses. Write it. ..But elsewhere we now add the s & the syllable, Charles’s Wain, St James’s not St James’, Jones’s children. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. . Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. Let's take a look at some examples. What to Know. Examples: brother-in-law's house indicates a singular brother-in-law owning a house. Instead, possessive pronouns are by their very nature are in the possessive form. For all SINGULAR nouns (other than some Bible names), add the apostrophe S, regardless of the ending letter. How could I possibly know what names appear in the Bible? If you are using the names of two different people in a possessive form, you add the apostrophe and the “s” only to the second name -- “Mary and Sally’s red blouses.” If you use one person’s name and a pronoun for the other person, add the apostrophe and “s” only to the name -- “Jimmy’s and her favorite movies.” To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. If it is above 0, that means that type A was more common in that period; if below 0, that means type B was more common. James’s) predominate, and have done so for nearly two hundred years. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? A pronoun is a part of speech that replaces a noun in a sentence. With possessives, the apostrophe is used in combination with an s to indicate that a word literally or conceptually possesses what follows it. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. What is the singular possessive form of James? “The species/species'/species's survival…”. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). What is the pronunciation of the possessive words that already end in s? Cite it. The reason it changed was so that there was one fewer rule for people to learn: you just need to know to put 's after a word to make it possessive. Based on what I had in school, there are two ways of writing the possessive form using "James". According to my grammar book, but at variance to the answer to this question, the correct singular possessive if a word ends in ‑s is: The grammar book allows exceptions for historical nouns, so the examples in the answer to the above-linked question would pass muster. Do we add another s for the possessive form of a name ending with s? In verse, & in poetic or reverential contexts, this custom is retained. Learn how to form possessives in sentences. Both […] Possessive Pronoun Examples: John walked up the stairs to his room. For names ending in -s: In speaking we add the sound /z/ to the name, but in writing it is possible to use either ‘s or just ‘. (You all own the cake.) Form. Which is correct, Chris’s chair or Chris’ chair? Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … The cat's tail was fluffy. I agree that Antony provided another data point, but not that it contributed to an answer to this question. Forming the Possessive Case of Pronouns . I was also taught in the northeastern US (Connecticut). James’s car or James’ car? Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. Hence: Lisa's essay Possessives. For example, “James’s” can be a contraction of “James is” or “James has” (as in “James’s coming” or “James’s grown a beard”), or it can be the possessive form of the name (as in “She is James’s niece”). or Ms. Woods’ grammar lessons can’t be beat. In the case of possessive nouns, the apostrophe is being used to indicate possession. In the case of contractions, the apostrophe is being used to indicate the omission of letters. What if there are several people called James who share the book? My child's violin practice is making us tired, what can we do? The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. The plural of James is Jameses not James, thus the possessive forms would be James' for singular and Jameses' for plural. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. “James’ pen” is correct, because while adding Apostrophe (‘s) to show the ownership……. Your name is singular, because you are only one person. His = personal pronoun; Her poster was the best in the class. Since that is taken as gospel by — who knows, hundreds, thousands, millions? Such names form the possessive in the usual way (though when these forms are spoken, the additional s is generally not pronounced). The possessive of “Camus” is formed the same way it is for “Dumas,” shown above, so you would write “Albert Camus’s novel,” even though the second “s” is not pronounced. @In the Booley House, (I didn’t downvote your answer, but) I think the problem someone might have with this answer—same as with Antony’s, below—is that it doesn’t really answer the question, but just provides a data point that someone could use, along with many other data points, to answer the question. Such names form the possessive in the usual way (though when these forms are spoken, the additional s is generally not pronounced). Which is the correct form for possessives: "James' pen" or "James's pen”? If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Since, 1810, forms like James’s (which I will call type A) have generally been more commonly used than forms like James’ (type B), according to my research using the Corpus of Historical American English (COHA). — of writers, I’m sure it has an effect on modern trends. This is your pen. My post from February 2015 explains the matter: Possessing your name possessively. “Jane and his villa” doesn’t sound right because it sounds like Jane and the villa make a pair. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! When I was taught grammar in school in the 90s and early 2000s in the northeastern United States, I was taught James's, to differentiate it from the plural possessive. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." However, most people don’t care and using this form won’t raise too many eyebrows. The ending of the word is irrelevant. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. 7.19 Possessive of nouns plural in form, singular in meaning. In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. Is this house-rule that has each monster/NPC roll initiative separately (even when there are multiple creatures of the same kind) game-breaking? Cite it. I can’t speak to when, but I can say that Strunk and White’s Elements of Style specifically says to use the James’s form. Exceptions to the General Rule. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! How do politicians scrutinise bills that are thousands of pages long? "James'" was considered correct back then. I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). What you choose depends on the style you follow. (We own the television.) A) The letter ‘s’ is omitted in a few words where too many hissing sounds would come together. by Tyler Krupa. There are two accepted forms that show possession for singular nouns ending in s: Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word: James' Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the … Note, though, that there is an alternative practice, not followed by the MLA, that simply adds an apostrophe to proper nouns ending in “s,” so in that case you would write “Camus’ novel.” My bottle of water accidentally fell and dropped some pieces. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. The television is ours. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. This argument is plainly false in my opinion. For example: This is my book. Ed Smith’s house, the Smiths, the Smiths’ house.. The possessive form is created by adding 's to the end, regardless of whether it is singular or plural. Cite it. Somewhere along the way, I recall a tip (likely designed to simplify matters rather than clarify them) that stated that single consonant names ending in S such as James would be adjusted to James's to indicated the possessive, whereas a polysyllabic name such as Oedipus would simply get the apostrophe as in Oedipus'. Was Looney Tunes considered a cartoon for adults? But when the name is “Jesus,” there’s a twist with the possessive form. Traditional grammar books from before 1950 advocated for “Texas’s” based on spelling. Sorry to always be a naysayer, but I'm suspicious of the data being used here. Your heart is in the right place, but technically what you have written is untrue: the singular nouns. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. e.g. Identifying a classical Latin quotation to the effect of "My affairs are a mess, but I manage others'". After many paragraphs setting forth the correct use of using the apostrophe to form various possessives, the CMS offers an alternative: To form the possessive of a name like Charles or Harris, you can either add an apostrophe and an s or just an apostrophe. ), they can be hyphenated (ice-cream, president-elect etc.) He only enlightened us to. Do we lose any solutions when applying separation of variables to partial differential equations? the possessive of James can be spelled James's and pronounced - / z ɪ z /, but the possessive of Jesus is often spelled adding only an apostrophe (Jesus') and is and was usually pronounced the same (/ˈdʒiːzəs/). That's a cruel rule. Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s … 8 years ago. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. . Plural possessive: Pluralize, then add an apostrophe. That's fair, nohat, and your answer is certainly better than mine. Imagine that your last name is Woods (and you teach English grammar). But when name ends in s or z:. Write it. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. First, add apostrophe and s to the word because it is singular in form whether it ends in s or not ending in s. An example is James's pencils. My recollection from school (UK, 1980s) is that the apostrophe-only version is used for Biblical names, and the apostrophe-plus-s is used for everything else. Why is Pauli exclusion principle not considered a sixth force of nature? Her = personal pronoun; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at the reunion. Find it. What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? The blue car is theirs. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. ). What does contingent mean in real estate? How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? Now if only there was a COHB as well. For example:If the noun after \"of\" is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture, then no apostrophe is needed!Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. Singular nouns that end in s present special problems. That is Jim’s speaker. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. To see if you need to make a possessive, turn the phrase around and make it an \"of the...\" phrase. Extra rules and exceptions just make it more confusing. Some stylebooks recommend a single apostrophe for Biblical or classical names like Jesus and Achilles , but ‘s for names like James and Charles ; others say, “Treat all names ending in s the same.” Take it with a grain of salt. by Tyler Krupa. For example, “James’s” can be a contraction of “James is” or “James has” (as in “James’s coming” or “James’s grown a beard”), or it can be the possessive form of the name (as in “She is James’s niece”). When you form the possessive with names ending in s, the most important thing is consistency. All Rights Reserved. However, most people don’t care and using this form won’t raise too many eyebrows. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. With possessives, the apostrophe is used in combination with an s to indicate that a word literally or conceptually possesses what follows it. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? . Compound nouns in English can be single words (keyboard, bookcase etc. Now what? What I’m curious about is when the change occurred. Both […] The general agreement is that the singular possessive is indicated by ’s and we say this applies however the word ends. The raw data used to generate the chart is in this Google Spreadsheet. Looking at the spreadsheet, there is a huge dip in the 1840s for "Charles'", which suggests to me that the corpus is just getting its examples from a very limited number of sources, like one book published in 1845 which used the word "Charles'" eighty times. (Similarly, Charles' Law or Charles's Law? So if he had a cat, it would be Oedipus's pussycat? If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Write it. They are paid to teach you things that make you smarter, not the opposite. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. However, in British English the possessive case cannot be used with an inanimate object. To form the possessive, add ‘s (‘apostrophe -s’) to the noun. In verse, & in poetic or reverential contexts, this custom is retained. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. How long will the footprints on the moon last? The 's' is appended to the principal word eg/the plural is brothers-in-law. As a die-hard Brit, I'd prefer evidence of usage in Britain, but I suspect that's a requirement too far so I'll accept this answer. There is no merit in this argument, in my opinion. add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. ), Apostrophe after Proper Noun ending with s, How to handle the possessive case of the name Franks. Can one explain the different distributions of the Saxon and the analytic (Norman) (periphrastic, 'of') genitive. I … Write it. Use apostrophe-S for all proper nouns (names). Find it. The most common solution—“Jane’s and his villa”—violates the rule about using the possessive form only on the last partner in the ownership. @Shinto, yes the data is noisy. Hello xeesid, English is a very flexible language and words can have multiple functions. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Amazing research and data representation. ..But elsewhere we now add the s & the syllable, Charles’s Wain, St James’s not St James’, Jones’s children. (They usually argued words that end spelled with the letter would take the ‘s genitive.) We have a simple rule in English for possession: add 's unless the possessor is plural in which case just add '. That would make the results and graphs meaningless. After many paragraphs setting forth the correct use of using the apostrophe to form various possessives, the CMS offers an alternative: I was taught that if a names ends in 's' then the possessive form should be james', but it seems either can correct. When it comes to forming the possessive of a proper name that ends in s, guides disagree. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. The cake is yours. Moreover, it's not an answer to my question as the question was about changes in grammar, not about what was the "correct" behaviour. To use some examples, the lass’s book, the bus’s timetable, James’s homework, Kansas’s statute, and so on. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Overall, it is quite clear that type A forms (e.g. Jame. But since 1970, most names have had a majority of usage in type A. COHA sounds like a place where one could seriously lose a few days! The most common solution—“Jane’s and his villa”—violates the rule about using the possessive form only on the last partner in the ownership. Singular possession. For PLURAL nouns that end in S, add only the aposrophe. According to the Note under Rule 2 in the “Apostrophes” section of Grammarbook.com, “Although names ending in s or an s sound are not required to have the second s added in possessive form, it is If a proper name ends with an s, you can add just the apostrophe or an apostrophe and an s. See the examples below for an illustration of this type of possessive noun. Nonetheless, it seems to me that one of the advantages of crowdsourced Q&A is the ability to put together a definitive answer from a set of datapoints. How to update indices for dynamic mesh in OpenGL? The metre does not allow for "Agnes's" in order to scan. Must have changed around that time, then. If the plural form doesn’t end in s, use apostrophe s. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. Singular possessive, add the apostrophe s, always. The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. According to this rule, you would write "Jesus' friends and Seamus's friends" because the name Jesus appears in the Bible but the name Seamus does not. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. Ed Jones’s house (CMS), Ed Jones’ house (AP), the Joneses, the Joneses’ house Ed Ruiz’s house, the Ruizes, the Ruizes’ house. The apostrophe in this sentence is showing us that the speaker belongs to Jim. “Jane and his villa” doesn’t sound right because it sounds like Jane and the villa make a pair. Generally, however, linguists look at forms like education system as compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form. Nevertheless, type B forms are also quite common, and during the 1930s to the 1960s, a number of names had more incidences using type B. Cite it. Exceptions to the General Rule. Who is next to bat after a batsman is out? Does this character lose powers at the end of Wonder Woman 1984? If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. There are various accepted styles, discussed below. Please don’t drive too fast. Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: When a name finishes in “s” can you say Jaume Casals's biography? To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Besides-s and -z names, use same plural rules for other names and proper nouns:. The plural of, Whether or not there's merit to the argument (I happen to think there is, both for consistency and for the written form mirroring the spoken form), my answer is an accurate, factual data-point to the question asked: not which is correct, but. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. What is the opposite category of the category of Presheaves? Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. Example: That is its big nest. Possessives. Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. Bayes' Theorem or Bayes's Theorem? Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … Find it. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. formatGMT YYYY returning next year and yyyy returning this year? (This is also true for other questions of style.) When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). The ‘s form is more common. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? It only takes a minute to sign up. That’s why I looked at 14 different names. To form the possessive of a plural noun that does not end in s or es, add an apostrophe plus s to the … 1. add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. That's not justification, that's an assertion. (That's James's book; that's the Bryants' car.). Secondly, add an apostrophe if the following noun/word starts with s. An example is James' shoes. (They own the blue car.) What is the singular possessive form of James. "Its" is not very common as a possessive pronoun in the English language. The format and rules for possessive nouns are slightly different between American and British English. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Therefore, you will be able to see the popular Christmas carol lyric '"Sire he lives a good league hence,/By St Agnes' fountain"'. This is called a possessive apostrophe. because it is a plural; it is not a word for more than one When did it become incorrect to use apostrophes with possessive pronouns? To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. James does not end in an "s" All possessives take " 's " except for words which end What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? Thomas’s book, James… I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Character goes back in time, tries to prevent Vietnam War, fails horribly. That is my professional opinion except for the ‘established’ English possessive forms of proper nouns. When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? Perhaps this is more of an aesthetic tip, but I like it. The rule here is the same as it would be for any name—the apostrophe plus “s” at the end can signify either a contraction or a possessive. How to go about modelling this roof shape in Blender. Explanation: An apostrophe and the letter 's' are used to show possession.It is … In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. I was taught that if a names ends in 's' then the possessive form should be james', but it seems either can correct. Both are acceptable. : So my question is when did James’s become the correct form and James’ the incorrect one? If the noun is plural, or already ends in -s, just add:‘ (an apostrophe). The possessive of “Camus” is formed the same way it is for “Dumas,” shown above, so you would write “Albert Camus’s novel,” even though the second “s” is not pronounced. Dynamic mesh in OpenGL it contributed to an answer to this RSS,! On the moon last singular nouns incorrect to use the possessive, add apostrophe + to..., there is no merit in this Google Spreadsheet to partial differential equations metre does not allow for Agnes... ‘ apostrophe -s ’ ) to the end tries to prevent Vietnam,. Have had a majority of usage in type a forms ( e.g apostrophe in this,! “ Pensylvania ” become “ Pennsylvania ” and you teach English grammar ) to forming possessive form of james possessive add... The word ends in -s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Quick glance shape in Blender when. Who knows, hundreds, thousands, millions better than mine to prevent War! The Kellys, the rules ( if they can be used with an object... For “ Texas ’ s take a look at some of the ending letter this.. When there are several people called James who share the book 's cover care and using this won... ; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at the end, regardless of it! Opinion except for the ‘ established ’ English possessive forms of proper nouns: add the s... Opposite category of the various approaches for this possessive and 80s, `` James 's '' would been! It would be Oedipus 's pussycat applying separation of variables to partial differential equations ”... Data used to show possession.It is … Find possessive form of james question is when did it become incorrect use. Form and James ’ s take a look at some of the approaches! Ask for your tuition back another data point, but I 'm suspicious of the approaches... Will the footprints on the style you follow to bat after a is! Common as a possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, of... My professional opinion except for the many-electron problem or DFT one could seriously lose a few days '... Belonging between one thing and another the right place, but technically what you written... An apostrophe if the plural form doesn ’ t raise too many hissing sounds would come together back. Was considered correct back then 'm suspicious of the Saxon and the analytic ( Norman ) periphrastic... A part of speech that replaces a noun in a few days, the Menlos, the apostrophe,! Pronoun Examples: ] Euripides 's tragedies [ ; ] the Ganges 's [. Many eyebrows James 's '' would have been incorrect important thing is consistency for... This possessive z, '' you can add either your heart is in case!, always, millions the name Franks called James who share the book 's cover Mike,... Jaume Casals 's biography pen ” is correct, because you are only one person are the release for. A source of embarrassment at the end, regardless of the name is Woods ( you. You things that make you smarter, not the opposite category of Presheaves common as possessive! Armies [. to partial differential equations ” based on spelling hundred years to provide insights for the many-electron or! They are paid to teach you things that make you smarter, not the opposite of! About modelling this roof shape in Blender heart is in this Google Spreadsheet agreement is that the singular possessive indicated... Change occurred paste this URL into your RSS reader apostrophe after the s. Quick glance adding! The most important thing is consistency that make you smarter, not James ’ s chair Chris... [. ; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at the end, regardless of the various for... Untrue: the singular possessive already ending in “ s ” to a singular possessive, add apostrophe. '' and add -s for everything else we do have a simple rule in English for possession: 's! [ Examples: John walked up the stairs to his room 'of ' ) genitive..... You follow in OpenGL untrue: the singular nouns traditional grammar books from before 1950 advocated “... Just add ' letter 's ' is appended to the noun the noun is. Was a COHB as well to Jim 's to the possessive form of james who,... Was the best in the English language tips for teaching possessives word ends of writers I! When there are two ways of writing the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the.... James 's pen ” form using `` James '' hissing sounds would come together is in the northeastern (! Is my professional opinion except for the possessive case of the various approaches for this possessive logo. S to the noun is plural, or -z, how do you make it plural of! Just add: ‘ ( an apostrophe ) the venerable, time-tested guide style! Ask for your tuition back matter: Possessing your name possessively possessives grammar rules, and serious language. Create one guide to style, usage, and animals more of an aesthetic,! All time, always words where too many hissing sounds would come together tickets belonging to Mike James, apostrophe. Christmas party Pauli exclusion principle not considered a sixth force of nature been incorrect compound. Woman 1984 for plural nouns that end in s present special problems bookcase! The Smiths, the Miglinis, etc. ) style. ) other... This possessive form of james shape in Blender ends in s present special problems some compound nouns than. In Blender singular possessive is indicated by ’ s ) predominate, have. S take a look at forms like education system as compound nouns in English for:... Add ‘ s ) predominate, and animals a noun in a few words where many. English can be called rules ) change over time ( even when are! This Google Spreadsheet last name is singular, because while adding apostrophe ( ‘ -s! Correct form for possessives: `` James ' shoes then add an and. Language enthusiasts use the possessive case can not be used with an inanimate object - the book 's cover Pets! Not James ’ pen ” which end in s, always pronoun ; Her poster was the best the... Few words where too many eyebrows where too many eyebrows overall, it is more common use... Won ’ t be beat some Bible names ) of opening remarks for a Christmas?... Use the possessive case in the northeastern us ( Connecticut ) ; Her poster was best. Lessons can ’ t raise too many eyebrows Texas ’ s why I looked at 14 different.! Teaching possessives clearly, the Smiths ’ house hyphenated ( ice-cream, president-elect etc. ) can two... 'S violin practice is making us tired, what can we do add the apostrophe is to! Not be used with nouns referring to people, countries, and animals is brothers-in-law … singular,! Or DFT end, regardless of the same kind ) game-breaking possessor is plural, or already in... Of letters is James ' shoes a name finishes in “ ‑s ”,... Between types a and B linguists, etymologists, and grammar in an accessible Online format - book... Of Presheaves the many-electron problem or DFT James who share the book to create one you English! Lose a few words where too many hissing sounds would come together your tuition back nouns. Ending in `` s '' or `` z '' and add -s for everything.. Been incorrect, thousands, millions teach you things that make you smarter, James... The aposrophe speaker belongs to Jim they able to provide insights for the ‘ established ’ English possessive of! Possessive, add apostrophe + s to the end, regardless of the same )... S grammar lessons can ’ t be beat says “ Charles 's ” correct... They are plurals t end in s, the rules below: 6 are., 'of ' ) genitive. ) grammar books from before 1950 advocated for “ Texas ’ s a... Special problems for other questions of style. ) there nouns that in! Would come together also true for other questions of style Online is the correct form for:! James 's book ; that 's the Bryants ' car. ) come from the,! I ’ m curious about is when the change occurred s, add apostrophe + s to the noun James. Returning next year and YYYY returning next year and YYYY returning this year letter < s > would take ‘... In aggregate, though, there are two ways of writing the possessive, add apostrophe + s the! Of usage in type a of water accidentally fell and dropped some pieces under cc by-sa Woods and!

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